Thursday, July 04, 2013

Gettysburg After Pickett's Charge: July 3 & 4

Rothermel's December, 1870, painting: Battle of Gettysburg: Pickett's Charge
[State Museum of Pennsylvania]

Again I read from from Michael Shaara's historical novel of the battle of Gettysburg, The Killer Angels.

On the night of July 3rd Lee’s staff and generals began planning the movement from Gettysburg. Early on the morning of July 4th, the Army of Northern Virginia began the retrograde movement that would take it out of Pennsylvania to across the Potomac River and Virginia

Retreat from Gettysburg
Wagons carrying supplies and wounded about 8,000 Confederate soldiers extending over 15 miles went first. The worst of the Confederate wounded, perhaps 7,000 men, were left at the battlefield to be treated by Union medical staff. It took until July 14th for the Confederates to evacuate Pennsylvania.

Confederate retreat from Gettysburg

The two armies suffered between 46,000 and 51,000 combined casualties. There are over 3,500 Union soldiers who died during the battle buried in the Gettysburg National Cemetery within the Gettysburg National Military Park.  Between 1871 and 1873 the Confederate dead were removed to cemeteries in North and South Carolina, Georgia, and Virginia. Most of the Confederate dead are interred at HollywoodCemetery in Richmond,Virginia, in a section set aside specifically for the casualties of Gettysburg.

Gettysburg National Cemetery

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